Kalb Report: Talking About “The Dream”
August 29, 2013 | By Gilbert Klein | email@example.com
The "Kalb Report" Aug.27 was an historic event on top of an historic event.
Gathered with host Marvin Kalb were three of the leaders of the 1960's civil rights movement – Rep. John Lewis, D-Ga, Andrew Young and Julian Bond - along with John Wilson, the president of Martin Luther King’s alma mater, Morehouse College; PBS News anchor Gwen Ifill; and Dorothy Gilliam, the first African American woman hired by The Washington Post.
The program marked the 50th anniversary of the 1963 “March on Washington” where King gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech that has reverberated through the decades as one of the inspiring orations of American history.
It also marked the beginning of the 20th season for “The Kalb Report,” which was launched at the Club in 1994.
Lewis, who as a leader of the Student Non Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), is the last surviving speaker of that momentous day. Young was a King aide during the march, and Bond, who became chairman of the NAACP, was SNCC’s communications director that day.
Kalb himself reported for CBS News that day, standing within 20 feet of King when he spoke.
Lewis, Young, Bond and Wilson all were at a White House reception where Lewis introduced President Barack Obama minutes before the show began.
In a wide-ranging discussion, they explored the impact of what happened that day, the role of the news media in shaping the national debate on the civil rights movement and the value of education in producing both the leaders of the movement and the new generation of black leaders.
Young and Bond said that many in the civil rights movement thought the March on Washington was a distraction from the real work happening in the cities and the sharecropper shacks in the South. The movement had just brought Birmingham’s economy to its knees through an economic boycott, they said. There was “a kind of militant arrogance,” Young said.
“But when the buses started coming in, singing freedom songs from all directions, you couldn’t hold back the tears,” Young said. He called it “a global phenomena.”
The fear before the march was that it would turn violent, the panelists said. President John Kennedy warned that violence would destroy any chance of passage of the civil rights legislation he had just proposed.
Gilliam said all of the preparations at the Post before the speech anticipated violence – how reporters could identify the bad people and how the Post could rescue injured reporters. Instead, she said, “It was a quiet, focused crowd.” Lewis said he toned down his remarks at the behest of King so as not to sound too radical.
It was the first time, Bond said, that many whites saw a black man give a coherent speech on what the civil rights movement was all about.
In a city where legislation moves slowly, so much happened after the March on Washington - passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1963 and the Voting Rights Act in 1965 – that it must have been a pivotal moment, Gilliam said.
Before King could transform the world, he had to be transformed himself, Wilson said. When King entered Morehouse, he could read only on an eighth grade level. When he left, he was ready to enter a PhD program.
Ifill said the genius of the civil rights movement was learning how to stage events that illustrated the suppression of blacks in the South so that the national media would pick them up and broadcast them to the entire nation – and the world.
Young said the organizers learned that they had to stage their events early so that the national network reporters could get their tape on planes to New York by 1 p.m. to make the evening news.
The black press covered civil rights issues but did not have the resources, Gilliam said. The white press didn’t discover black people until the Supreme Court’s 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision, she said. But with three black reporters – and no black editors – on the Post in 1963, it did not have the diversity to really understand the story, she said.
Despite having 65 reporters covering the march, the Post hardly mentioned King’s “I Have a Dream” speech.
“There’s not much more diversity now,” Ifill said. “As the general population gets browner, the news media is getting whiter.”
The Kalb Report is a joint project of the Club, the University of Maryland University College, the George Washington University and Harvard University’s Joan Shorenstein Center for the Press, Politics and Public Policy. It is underwritten by a grant from the Ethics and Excellence in Journalism Foundation.